Grey Fox: Exploring an Ancient Maya Center

Grey Fox: Exploring an Ancient Maya Center

July 19, 2016

Not all is as it appears! Bella the begonia visits Belize and helps Karen dig up potato root for collection.

Over the past two summers (2015 & 2016), BRIT Resident Research Associate Dr. Grace Bascopé, a Medical and Environmental Anthropologist, worked with the Maya Research Program’s (MRP) Blue Creek Archaeological Project to investigate the flora in far northwestern Belize. Working with her were Dr. Will McClatchey, former BRIT staff member and ethnobotanist, and Dr. Thomas Guderjan, Associate Professor of Anthropology (University of Texas, Tyler) and director of the MRP Blue Creek project.

For over two decades, MRP has undertaken annual archaeological field seasons in northwestern Belize to better understand the ancient Maya civilization that lived there from 900 BC to AD 900 and later. This effort has included major excavations of several ancient Maya centers and multi-disciplinary and multi-national studies of their agriculture systems. Besides Dr. Guderjan, others working on this project are Dr. Tim Beach, soil scientist and geographer (Georgetown University), Dr. Sheryl Luzzadder-Beach, hydrologist and geographer (George Mason University), and Dr. Nick Brokaw, forest ecologist (Universidad de Puerto Rico), among many others.

Trekking through high canopy in the rainforest toward the archaeological site core. This summer, the team did transects there to calculate the biodiversity.

MRP staff have witnessed the ongoing loss of forests and archaeological sites to clearing for modern agriculture and are taking steps to protect remaining sites. They recently purchased the “Grey Fox” site, one of only four Maya plaza-pyramid centers remaining in northwestern Belize. MRP is actively studying two of the other three sites—now only “forest islands” of 150 and 154 acres—and hopes to purchase for protection. While MRP’s primary interest is in protecting the archaeological materials within these sites, its members are also deeply concerned with protecting these forest remnants and treating them wisely as excavations go on.

Brokaw has completed an inventory of the trees of the high canopy at Grey Fox, to which Bascopé and McClatchey are adding the other plants of the region. They collect in duplicate for the BRIT herbarium and the National Herbarium of Belize (BRH) in Belmopan, and they also trained senior staff members of the MRP Project in collecting plant specimens and properly drying and storing them. This will allow the plant collections to grow even after those staff associated with BRIT leave the field. As a way of both saying thanks for allowing the research to be conducted in Belize and helping the resource-scarce National Herbarium, all specimens to be deposited there by the BRIT/MRP team are carefully mounted on archival paper and properly labeled.

Making collections for the BRIT herbarium and National Herbarium of Belize. The researchers wrote descriptions of the specimens and prepped them for pressing, drying, and labeling. Bella also lent a helping hand!

The overall goals of this joint BRIT/MRP project—benefiting BRIT, MRP, and the Belize National Herbarium—are (1) to contribute to BRIT’s collections from this Central American region; (2) to contribute to the national collections of Belize; (3) to provide a plant inventory so that archaeological work can continue with as little impact on the forest as possible; and (4) to provide an understanding of plants that are in the immediate area of the sites so these can be compared with pollen, phytolithic, and other plant material recovered during excavation. This also provides the archaeologists with a floristic baseline, which helps them address issues such as subsistence patterning and climate change.

The BRIT/MRP project has led to the discovery that a very large percentage of the plants found at Grey Fox are edible, and this possibly lends credibility to the argument that the Maya have long-engineered their own forest environments. Even site cores (the ceremonial centers full of large pyramids and other structures), not to mention the residential precincts of these ancient cities, may not simply have been sterile places covered over with white plaster, but more likely resembled temperature-lowering gardens full of edible and useful plants.

Working in the rainforest calls for impressive mosquito protection! But all is worth it when surrounded by such natural beauty.

 

Leave A Response

Restricted HTML

  • Allowed HTML tags: <a href hreflang> <em> <strong> <cite> <blockquote cite> <code> <ul type> <ol start type> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <h2 id> <h3 id> <h4 id> <h5 id> <h6 id>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.

Related Articles

Sustainable Ranching in Mexico

Mission: launching Alianca da Terra in Mexico. This blog: a visit to the ranch corridor of Cuenca Los Ojos AC in Mexico. Participants: Lilian Jacinto & Jaime Dias (Alianca da Terra) Jose Manuel Perez, Valer Austin, Javier Rivera, & Rafael del Castillo (Cuenca de Los Ojos) Enrique Cisneros Tello (Fondo Mexicano) Francisco “Paco” Ruiz Ramirez (Serranias Del Burro, Rainmaker Trust) The group on the US/MX border (Sula is 4th from left). El Coronado Ranch Early morning walk at El Coronado Day 1. Arriving at the airport I’m met by Jose Manuel Perez of Cuenca Los Ojos and two Brazilian colleagues from Alianca da Terra. We quickly drive out of the city, arriving in the dark to El Coronado Ranch, one of just two Arizona ranches north of the US/MX border that are part of the binational conservation...
Read More >

Documenting Diversity: The First Step in Conservation

We love playing a part in saving rare plants. But BRIT has a unique role in the process: documentation of rare species. If you don’t know it’s there, you can’t conserve it!
Read More >

World Record Largest Myxomycete Found On BRIT Campus

In April 2016, a world record myxomycete was discovered on the BRIT campus. We're here to answer your questions: What is a myxomycete? Why does this matter? Should we be scared of it?
Read More >

The changing plant life of small islands in the Sea of Cortéz

We met at the office at 6:30 am and proceeded to spend about two hours packing the truck with food. 40 mouths are many to feed, and after hundreds of pounds of coolers, boxes, bags of rice, and beans, stuffed in between with fresh fruit, we load up and hit the road...
Read More >